The content of this website is designed to provide general information about translational perioperative and pain medicine. It is published with the understanding that the publisher and the author(s) are not engaged in rendering medical advice for patients. Many manuscripts and/or posts may only contain preliminary preclinical data which is not suitable for any clinical implication to date. Thus, it is not intended to take the place of medical advice from your medical providers or professionals. Neither the publisher nor the authors take any responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, action, or application of medicine or preparation by any person reading or following the information in the content. If you have any questions about the content from any specific articles, please contact the corresponding authors. While we strive to avoid mistakes or errors in the process of publishing, this may still occur. Thus, please review and read the content with caution. The articles contributed from industry may contain certain bias despite of our best efforts to avoid conflict of interests. Thus, these articles may only be considered as advertisement.